Sleeve Gastrectomy is one type of weight loss surgery performed for the treatment of obesity. The procedure generates weight loss by reducing your appetite and the amount of food you eat. The stomach is reduced in size by stapling and dividing it vertically, removing up to 85 – 90% of the stomach. The remaining stomach is smaller and tubular in shape and resembles a banana in size.
This procedure, like all other weight loss surgery, should be considered a tool and not a magic bullet. The individual who undergoes this procedure must make food and lifestyle changes in order for the procedure to have a successful long-term outcome.
The majority of weight loss Sleeve Gastrectomies performed today use a laparoscopic technique. This allows the surgeon to work using long instruments placed in the body via incisions a few centimeters long. In some cases the surgery will be performed “open,” with the traditional larger incision, or a surgery that begins laparoscopically may be converted to the open procedure when the surgeon determines it is necessary. Some hospitals use a robotic surgical system to assist in the performance of this procedure.
Advantages of Sleeve Gastrectomy
- Due to the portion of the stomach being removed, hormonal changes occur, thus reducing a patient’s appetite.
- Food passes through the digestive tract in the usual fashion, allowing vitamins and nutrients to be fully absorbed into the body.
- This procedure can be done can be done with the assistance of a surgical robot, aiding in a quicker recovery time and less scarring. Ask your doctor for more information.
All surgery carries the risk of complications and weight reduction surgery is no exception. Preventative measures are put into place to lessen the possibility; however, the risk of surgery in the obese patient is significantly greater than for the general population. The following potential risks are in addition to the general risks of surgery:
- Complications due to stomach stapling, including separation of tissue that was stapled or stitched together and leaks from staple lines
- Nonreversible since part of the stomach is removed
- Gastric leakage
- Esophageal dysmotility
This does not take the place of informed consent with your surgeon.